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AMERIKA

Amerika adalah sebuah benua di dunia yang merujuk kepada wilayah daratan di antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Atlantik. Benua ini umumnya dibagi menjadi 3 yaitu Amerika Utara,Amerika Tengah , dan Amerika Selatan. Istilah ini juga merujuk kepada wilayah Karibia, pulau-pulau sekitar Laut Karibia, dan Greenland (namun bukan Islandia)

Benua amerika di bagi 3 bagian

  • Amerika Latin
  • Amerika Serikat
  • Amerika latin
  • Dalam pemakaian yang paling umum, istilah Amerika Latin hanya merujuk kepada wilayah di benua Amerika yang penduduknya masih berbicara bahasa Spanyol atau Portugis, yakni Meksiko, sebagian besar Amerika Tengah, Amerika Selatan, ditambah Kuba, Republik Dominika, Puerto Riko di Karibia.

    Dalam pengertian sempit, Amerika Latin merujuk kepada negara dan teritori di benua Amerika yang penduduknya adalah penutur asli bahasa Roman (bahasa yang berasal dari bahasa Latin), seperti: bahasa Spanyol, Portugis, Perancis, dan bahasa-bahasa Kreol yang didasarkan darinya. Menurut definisi ini, Amerika Latin juga mencakup teritori dan bekas teritori Perancis, yaitu Quebec di Kanada, Haiti, Martinique, dan Guadeloupe di Karibia, serta Guyana Perancis di Amerika Selatan.

    Suriname, Antillen Belanda, dan Aruba yang ketiganya bekas koloni Belanda, sering tidak termasuk sebagai negara dan teritori di Amerika Latin. Walaupun demikian, mayoritas penduduk Antillen Belanda dan Aruba berbicara bahasa Kreol Papiamento yang berasal dari dialek Iberia.

    Istilah Amerika Latin, terutama bagi orang Amerika Serikat berarti “semua” negara-negara yang terletak di selatan Amerika Serikat, termasuk Belize, Jamaika, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana Antigua dan Barbuda dan Kepulauan Bahamas, yang mayoritas penduduknya berbahasa Inggris (bukan bahasa Roman).

    Dalam konteks sejarah, “Amerika Latin” berarti semua wilayah benua Amerika yang dulunya merupakan koloni kerajaan Spanyol, Portugis, dan Perancis yang penduduknya berbicara bahasa-bahasa yang berasal dari bahasa Latin. Dalam pengertian ini, wilayah Amerika Serikat Barat Daya seperti Florida dan Louisiana Perancis juga termasuk Amerika Latin.

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    Discussion

    74 thoughts on “AMERIKA

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